Burning the TENS™ ISO Image to CD
The most important thing to remember is to use software designed for burning ISO files. If you simply copy the ISO file to a CD as if you were backing up a data file, it will not work properly. That method will not create a bootable disc.
The process for burning an ISO file to disc varies by operating system:
- Windows 7 and later
ISO burning is builtin. In Windows Explorer, right-click on the ISO file and select "Open with..." from the menu, then choose Windows Disc Image Burner from the list. Insert a blank disc and click Burn.
Many programs add a "burn image to disc" entry to the right-click menu, but be aware of what software is actually launched when clicking such entries.
- Windows XP and Vista
ISO burning is not builtin; installing a burning utility is required (see below).
- Mac OS X
ISO burning is builtin. Open the Disk Utility and select the "Images/Burn" command. Choose the appropriate ISO file. Insert a blank disc and click Burn.
- Flavors of Unix including Linux
ISO burning may be installed by default, depending on your exact Unix/Linux/BSD distribution. The homepage of your specific operating system variant is the best place to start.
The list linked to below includes some software packages intended to be very beginner-friendly. Other tools often have additional features but may require familiarity with a command line environment. Utilities known to work include, in no particular order, wodim, bashburn, cdrecord, and even the classic dd.
Once you've burned the CD, confirm the disc was properly created by viewing the CD's contents. If it contains the same file that you donwloaded ("TENS-xxx.iso" or similar), then you saved the ISO image as a file to the CD, rather than its contents. Please try again!
If the CD contains multiple folders with names like boot and EFI, then your burn was successful. For an example of a properly burned disc, see this screenshot of a Windows directory view of TENS™ 1.7.2.
CD Burning Software
AFRL does not endorse or recommend any specific product for ISO burning. We are providing this information as a service to allow you to make an informed decision about how to create your own discs. Any program that supports the ISO 9660 format and can burn discs on the type of optical drive in your computer will likely work.
There are many commercial disc burning and media authoring programs. Wikipedia has a large list of software that can be used.
Free third-party utilities exist for burning discs on Windows XP and Vista. One popular one is ISO Recorder.
Microsoft provides a free CD burning utility for XP, but it must be used
from the command line. Install the
Windows Server 2003 Support Tools,
and use the ISO CD-ROM Burner Tool:
cdburn.exe <drive> <file>
where <drive> is the drive letter containing the blank CD and <file> is the path to the ISO file. For example, cdburn.exe d: c:\temp\tens.iso